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Wittgenstein’s Argument on the Mind-body Problem and the Essence of Mind

Authors

Lu Yuanzhong

Rubric:Philology
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Ludwig Wittgenstein’s unique construct of the philosophy of language has been one of the greatest theories among the realm of logical empiricism. Despite the fundamental contributions Wittgenstein’s has made to the later post-modernist philosophy and the contemporary discussion on the relationship between algorithmic design and human-driven discourses, Wittgenstein’s philosophical construct has greatly influenced the philosophy of mind, modern contemporary science, and of course, the classical philosophical topic of the mind-body problem.

Keywords

Ludwig Wittgenstein
Cognitive Science
Philosophy of Mind
Tractatus
Mind-body Problem

References:

Philosophical Investigations (PI), 4th edition, 2009, P.M.S. Hacker and Joachim Schulte (eds. and trans.), Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Wittgenstein: Meaning and Mind Part II: Exegesis §§243 – 427

Descartes, R., 1641: ‘Meditation VI’, in Meditations on the First Philosophy, J. Cottingham (trans.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pp. 57–72.

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP), 1922, C. K. Ogden (trans.), London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Originally published as “Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung”, in Annalen der Naturphilosophische, XIV (3/4), 1921.

1990, Wittgenstein: Meaning and Mind, Volume 3 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Oxford: Blackwell.

1996, Wittgenstein: Mind and Will, Volume 4 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Oxford: Blackwell.

Gasser, G. (n.d.). The Mind-Body-Problem and Score-Keeping in Language Games. From the ALWS Archives: A Selection of Papers from the International Wittgenstein Symposia in Kirchberg Am Wechsel. Retrieved August 19, 2023, from https://wab.uib.no/ojs/index.php/agora-alws/article/view/2692

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Stern, D. G. (1995). 3Introduction. In D. G. Stern (Ed.), Wittgenstein on Mind and Language (p. 0). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/0195080009.003.0001

Smart, J.J.C., 1959, ‘Sensations and Brain Processes’, Philosophical Review, 68: 141–156.

1975, ‘On Some Criticisms of a Physicalist Theory of Colour’, in Chung-ying Cheng (ed.), Philosophical Aspects of the Mind-Body Problem, Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.

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Hardin, C.L., 1992, “Physiology, Phenomenology and Spinoza’s True Colors”, in A. Beckermann, H. Flohr & J. Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction: Prospects of Nonreductive Physicalism, Berlin: De Gruyter, 201–219.

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