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Willingness to Communicate in Second Language Acquisition: A Review of Peter MacIntyre's Contributions to the Field

Authors

Aybolgan T. Borasheva

Rubric:Philology and linguistics
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This paper discusses Peter MacIntyre's research on Willingness to Communicate (WTC) in second language acquisition. MacIntyre pioneered the study of WTC in L2 and developed an influential model outlining factors that shape an individual's readiness to communicate in a second language. His work highlighted the roles of psychological variables, social context and classroom environment in influencing WTC. While influential, MacIntyre's research has also received some criticism regarding reliability, validity and generalizability. Comparison with other WTC researchers reveals differences in focus and approach. MacIntyre's work has implications for future SLA research, language curriculum design, teacher training, and use of technology to promote WTC.

Keywords

Peter MacIntyre
WTC in L2
psychological factors
social context
reliability
validity
second language acquisition
Willingness to Communicate

Authors

Aybolgan T. Borasheva

References:

  1. MacIntyre, P. D., Baker, S. C., Clément, R., & Donovan, L. A. (2003). Talking in order to learn: Willingness to communicate and intensive language programs. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 59(4), 589-607.
  2. MacIntyre, P. D., Clément, R., Dörnyei, Z., & Noels, K. A. (1998). Conceptualizing willingness to communicate in a L2: A situational model of L2 confidence and affiliation. The Modern Language Journal, 82(4), 545-562.
  3. Canadian Psychological Association (2015). Award for Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training in Psychology. Retrieved from [https://www.cpa.ca/aboutcpa/cpaawards/educationandtraining/ ↗](https://www.cpa.ca/aboutcpa/cpaawards/educationandtraining/)
  4. Clément, R., & MacIntyre, P. D. (1994). Willingness to Communicate in a Second Language: The Effects of Context, Norms, and Vitality. *Journal of Language and Social Psychology*, 13(2), 190–209.
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  8. MacIntyre, P. D., & Charos, C. (1996). Personality, attitudes, and affect as predictors of second language communication. _Journal of Language and Social Psychology_, 15(1), 3-26.
  9. MacIntyre, P. D., & Gardner, R. C. (1994). The subtle effects of language anxiety on cognitive processing in the second language. _Language Learning_, 44(2), 283-305.
  10. MacIntyre, P. D., & Legatto, J. J. (2011). A dynamic system approach to willingness to communicate: Developing an idiodynamic method to capture rapidly changing affect. Applied Linguistics, 32(2), 149-171.
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  13. MacIntyre, P. D., Baker, S. C., Clément, R., & Conrod, S. (2001). Willingness to communicate, social support, and language-learning orientations of immersion students. _Studies in Second Language Acquisition_, 23(3), 369-388.
  14. MacIntyre, P. D., Baker, S. C., Clément, R., & Donovan, L. A. (2002). Sex and age effects on willingness to communicate, anxiety, perceived competence, and L2 motivation among junior high school French immersion students. _Language Learning_, 52(3), 537-564.
  15. MacIntyre, P. D., Burns, C., & Jessome, A. (2011). Ambivalence about communicating in a second language: A qualitative study of French immersion students' willingness to communicate. _The Modern Language Journal_, 95(1), 81-96.
  16. MacIntyre, P. D., Clément, R., Dörnyei, Z., & Noels, K. A. (1998). Conceptualizing willingness to communicate in a L2: A situational model of L2 confidence and affiliation. _The Modern Language Journal_, 82(4), 545-562.
  17. Peng, J. E. (2007). Willingness to communicate in the Chinese EFL university classroom: An ecological perspective. Ph.D. thesis, University of Sydney.
  18. Peng, J. E., & Woodrow, L. (2010). Willingness to communicate in English: A model in the Chinese EFL classroom context. Language Learning, 60(4), 834-876.
  19. Yashima, T. (2002). Willingness to communicate in a second language: The Japanese EFL context. Modern Language Journal, 86, 54-66.

 

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