The interest of legal representatives of pupils in the work on the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years

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The interest of legal representatives of pupils in the work on the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years

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Skuratovich Yulia Igorevna

Rubric:Pedagogy
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The effectiveness of the educational process in preschool educational institutions largely depends on the cooperation of teachers and legal representatives of pupils in matters of upbringing, development, and education of children.

The leading role in communication between the teacher and parents belongs to the teacher, since he is the professional and the official representative of the educational institution [1, p. 13]. A dialogue based on mutual trust, respect, understanding is the basis for building harmonious interpersonal relationships between teachers and parents [2, p. 175].

When working with legal representatives of pupils, various forms of pedagogical interaction should be used: trainings, interactive consultations, meetings, conversations, master classes, etc. Pedagogical workers are recommended to organize forms of work in which, in addition to parents, pupils are also: joint entertainment, holidays, exhibitions, visiting cultural events, open classes, etc.

In order to study the interest of the legal representatives of the pupils in the work on the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old, an online survey was conducted on the basis of the state educational institution «Kindergarten No. 492 in Minsk». The legal representatives of the pupils in the amount of 47 people took part in the study. Questionnaires were provided to parents through the service for creating feedback forms Google Forms. Access link – https://goo.su/2lCt4y. Parents using technical devices (smartphones, tablets, computers, laptops) were surveyed, answering questions. The questionnaire includes the following questions:

1. Expand the essence of the concept of «musical perception».

Musical perception is...

2. Do you think it is necessary to develop musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old?

3. What gives your child the development of musical perception?

4. Assess the degree of your acquaintance with the process of organizing the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old?

  • High degree.
  • Average degree.
  • Low grade.

5. Would you like to improve your knowledge of the organization of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old? What exactly would you like to know?

6. Do you need methodological support for the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old?

7. In your opinion, what social institution should develop musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old?

8. Do you think that children need pedagogical support when carrying out musical activities in a preschool education institution?

Legal representatives have correct ideas about the essence of the term «musical perception» (47 people – 100%). When formulating this concept, parents indicate the ability to hear the expressive means of music (dynamics, tempo, timbre, etc.) – 42 respondents  (89%), to distinguish them (4 people – 9%). However, some people have an inaccurate understanding of the term «musical perception». Thus, the respondents under musical perception understand only the process of listening to music (5 people – 11%). All legal representatives believe that it is necessary to develop musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old (47 people – 100%). Parents claim that the development of musical perception has a positive effect on the overall development of the child (10 people – 21%), his musical abilities (32 respondents – 68%), sensory abilities (7 people – 15%). Some said that by developing musical perception in children, the child is aesthetically enriched (2 people – 4%), joins art through music (9 respondents – 19%), moral qualities are formed in him (3 people – 6%). When asked about the degree of parents' acquaintance with the process of organizing the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old, the majority indicated «average» (39 people – 83%), the rest chose «high degree» (8 people – 17%). Most parents would like to improve their knowledge of the organization of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old (42 people – 89%). When analyzing the answers to the question about the desired information that parents would like to receive, they indicated a method for developing musical perception in order to implement it at home (14 people – 30%). All respondents need methodological support for the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old (47 people – 100%). According to respondents, the task of developing musical perception should be solved by the family (36 people – 77%), preschool education institutions (28 people – 60%), children's development centers (6 people – 13%). All legal representatives believe that children in the implementation of musical activities in a preschool education institution need pedagogical support (47 people – 100%).

Thus, the data obtained in the course of questioning the legal representatives of the pupils provide grounds for the implementation of the process of development of musical perception, the development of methodological support for the development of musical perception in children from 2 to 3 years old.

References:

1. Petrova, I. K. Effective interaction between a teacher and parents / I. K. Petrova, N. A. Gromova // Pedagogical experience: from theory to practice: Proceedings of the All–Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, Cheboksary, March 30, 2022 / Ch . editor O.N. Shirokov. – Cheboksary: ​​Limited Liability Company «Center for Scientific Cooperation «Interactive Plus», 2022. – P. 13–14.

2. Rasskazova, I. N. Interaction of parents with teachers in the modern educational space: problems, solutions / I. N. Rasskazova // VIII Sylvester Pedagogical Readings. Spirituality and Morality in the Educational Space: Understanding the Freedom and Responsibility of Youth: Proceedings of the All–Russian Scientific Conference, Tara, April 05, 2019 / Managing editor O.R. Kayumov. – Container: Amphora, 2019. – P. 172–175.

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