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Austrian Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Issue 11-12/2015

Franz Brentano’s and Kazimierz Twardowski’s theories of mental acts: comparative analysis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29013/AJH-16-11.12-91-95

Pages: 91 - 95

Authors: Ivanyk S.

Abstract: The aim of the article is to attempt to represent the new empirical data that could deliver additional evidence for the advantages of the geographical approach to the historiography of science. To achieve this goal, the author considers the example of migration of knowledge within a particular philosophical science (theory of mental acts) between two specific cities (Vienna and Lvov) in a specific period of time (at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries). It was shown that among the elements of theory of mental acts, which Twardowski took over from Brentano and instilled in his students, there are three main theses: the thesis about introspection declares that introspection, providing data to conceptual analysis, is a reliable way of cognition; the thesis about intentionality says that intentionality, that is, reference to an object, is the distinctive feature of all mental acts; the thesis about the principle of classification of mental acts states that the principle of this classification is a way of reference to the object in these acts.

Keywords: Franz Brentano, Kazimierz Twardowski, the Lvov School of Philosophy, theory of mental acts

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