Закажите звонок

Отправить
×

Спасибо!

Ваша заявка успешно отправлена. В ближайшее время с Вами свяжется наш специалист.
×

List of publications for

×

Austrian Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Issue 3-4/2015

Moral education in extracurricular work of general schools of Ukrainian provinces in 1850–1860 years

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29013/AJH-15-3.4-78-83

Pages: 78 - 83

Authors: Biletska S. A.

Abstract: The article raised the actual problem of organization of moral education of pupils in extracurricular work of general schools (historical aspect).It is stated that the purpose of moral education of pupils of general schools in extracurricular work of 1850–1860 years was to create a holistic, perfect humanistic person. Ways of realization of the global purpose are revealed through the prism of inheritance of such known educators as K. Ushinsky, P. Kapterev, I. Kyreyevsky, L. Modzalevsky. In the article it is especially valuable that the author has shown contradictions and disadvantages of the organization of pedagogical process at that time schools, which are typical in modern educational institutions too. They are estrangement of the school from the family, bureaucracy in relations of a pedagogical collective, inattention to individual characteristics of children, lack of attention to the problem of morality, mental and physical health, early specialization of educational and pedagogic process, excessiveness of intellectual work, mental stress in educational process, inconsistency of subjects’ programs on the level of a class and levels of education, too much additional theoretical material, a small amount of time, required to study folk history, geography, to explore the environment, that deprives school of life and national direction. It is stated that much attention was paid to organization of extracurricular educational work in zemsky (province) schools. Provincial zemsky (province) school initiated educational activities for adults (evening classes with adults, the public readings). The church singing as a form of organization of extracurricular educational work was being used in single-class schools, schools of reading and writing widely. The author noted that in the second half of XIX – early XX century moral education in extracurricular work in general schools, dependent on the Ministry of Public Education, was linked closely to a future professional activity, formation of ideology, moral education that was formed by the main forms of communication and work (art, arts and crafts, religious, social, etc.). Much attention was paid to the use of church forms of education, including missionaryeducational, catechetical, charity, church activities (for example, a prayer before a new school year), pilgrimage. In Mariinsky female schools educational process was being conducted by the specially worked up program for the Educational Society of noble maidens.Special attention was paid to the unity of requirements to moral education in family and at school.

Keywords: morality, education, the school, extracurricular work, united requirements, a mentor.

Bibliography:
1. Каптерев П. Ф. Об общественно-нравственном развитии и воспитании./П. Ф. Каптерев/ЭСв. – СПб.: О. Бог-
данова, 1908. – Вып. 56. – 38 с.
2. Корф Н. А. Наше школьное дело: Сб. статей по училищеведению./Корф H. A. – М.: Б. и, 1873. – 430 с.
3. Модзалевский Л. Н. Очерк истории воспитания и обучения с древних времен до наших дней: В 2 т./Науч.
ред., М. В. Захарченко/С 30 РАО. – Спб: Алетейя, 2000. – Т. 2. – 920 с.
4. Пругавин А. С. Законы и справочные сведения по начальному народному образованию/А. С. Пругавин;
2‑е изд., значит. доп. – С‑Пб.: Изд-во Т‑ва «Общественная Польза”, 1904. – 1096 столб.
5. Рождественский С. В. Исторический обзор деятельности Министерства народного просвещения:
1802–1902 гг. /Рождественский С. В. – СПб: Гос. тип., 1902. – 785 с.// [Электронный ресурс]. –
Режим доступа: http://www.google.ru/url?source=transpromo&rs=rssf&q=//translate.google.com/community?
source=all
6. Рыбников Н. А. Деревенский школьник и его идеалы. Очерки психологии школьного возраста./Рыбни-
ков Н. А. – М.: 3адруга, 1916. – 123 с.
7. Сборникъ постановленій по Министерству Народнаго Просвѣщенія в XIХ ст. – С‑Пб.: Тип. Императорской
Академіи наукъ, 1864–1897. Т. 1. – 1864. – 1806 ст.; Т. 2. – 1864. – Отд. 1. (1825–1839). – 1839 ст.; Т. 2. –
1864. – Отд. 2. (1840–1855). – 1622 ст.; Т. 3 (1855–1864). – 1865. – 1435 ст.
8. Уваров С. С. Десятилетие Министерства народного просвещения (1833–1843)./Уваров С. С. – СПб.,
1864. – 240 с.
9. Ушинский К. Д. Главнейшие черты человеческого организма в приложении к искусству воспитания//
К. Д. Ушинский//Педагогический сборник. – 1865. – № 8 (май). – С. 629–649.
10. Хронологический список высших и средних учебных заведений ведомства Министерства народного про-
свещения, основанных или преобразованных с 1855 по 1880 гг. – СПб: Б. и., 1880. – 1564 ст.
11. ЦДІАК України, ф. 707, оп. 18, спр. 15, 1852 р., арк. 1–13.
Theoretical guestions of feedback in teaching of students in the works of national scientists (70 th – 80 th of the twentieth century)
83
12. ЦДІАК України, ф. 707, оп. 19, стіл 1, спр. 45, 1854 р., арк. 8.
13. Шмид Г. К. История средних учебных заведений в России: [Пер. с нем. А. Ф. Нейлисова]/Шмид Г. К. –
СПб.: Типография В. С. Балашева, 1878. – 684 с.