Закажите звонок

Отправить
×

Спасибо!

Ваша заявка успешно отправлена. В ближайшее время с Вами свяжется наш специалист.
×

List of publications for

×

Austrian Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Issue 5-6/2017

ALBANIA’S INTER-RELIGIOUS HARMONY AND TOLERANCE: THE CASE OF MALBARDH

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29013/AJH-17-5.6-3-14

Pages: 3 - 14

Authors: Doci Y.

Abstract: Abstract 25 years after the fall of Communism the religious life of Albania has changed dramatically. The full impact of this change with regard to the social cohesion of Albania is yet to be felt, because the first generation living with religious freedom is only now coming of age. Albania still enjoys a remarkably harmonious religious environment. However, a poor understanding of the underlying reasons for such harmony and the understandable eagerness for exaggerating the apparent inter-religious tolerance of Albanians may induce a sleepy ignorance of weaknesses in the face of the global social and religious currents present. This reality could result in upheavals similar to those experienced in other countries with mixed religious populations. Therefore, a good understanding of the much discussed case of the village Malbardh, reflecting the typical shape of Albanian inter-religious harmony, will help in distinguishing the characteristics of true inter-religious tolerance. This requires adding pluralistic wisdom to the Malbardhian goodheartedness. To start this important discussion, I shall present an analysis of the Malbardh case contrasting what I call interreligious harmony with tolerance. I shall then suggest a way to develop an informed and enduring Albanian religious tolerance. Objectives: The objective in this paper is helping the understanding of the nature and meaning of the inter-religious environment of the village of Malbardh selected as a good case of the Albanian environment of inter-religious interactions. Methods: In the context of writing an ethnography the methods included here are interviews and focus groups with participant observation. Results: Determining the nature of such an environment as harmony and distinguishing it from the designation of inter-religious tolerance is the unique contribution of this work. Scientific novelty: I consider the clarification of the sense of harmony and tolerance in relation to different entities such as the two differing religions of Christianity and Islam, is a novelty with special application in our understanding of the Albanian environment of Malbardh. Practical significance: The practical significance of this study is related to the intentional work to be done in preserving what is valuable in the traditions of the Albanians as evident in the village of Malbardh in order to ensure transitioning from harmony toward tolerance.

Keywords: Keywords: inter-religious tolerance, harmony, case study, pluralism

Bibliography:
1. Broer N. A., de Muynck B., Potgieter F. J., Wolhuter C. C., van der Walt J. L. Measuring religious tolerance among
final year education students. the birth of a questionnaire. Int J Relig Freedom IJRF. – 2014; 7 (1/2).
2. Gorski P. S., Türkmen-Dervişoğlu G. Religion, Nationalism and Violence: An integrated Approach. Annu Rev
Sociol – 2013. – 39193–210. – 2013; (39): 193–210.
3. Gleditsch N., Wallensteen P., Eriksson M., Sollenberg M., Strand H. Armed conflict – 1946–2001: a new dataset.
J Peace Res. – 2002; 30: 615–37.
4. Blatman C., Miguel E. Civil war. J Econ Lit. – 2010; 48:3–57.
5. Fox J. The rise of religious nationalism and conflict: ethnic conflict and revolutionary wars, – 1945–2001. J Peace
Res. – 2004; 41:715–31.
6. Furedi F. “On Tolerance.” Policy. – 2012 Winter; 28 (2):30–7.
7. Schwandner-Sievers S., Fischer B. J., editors. Albanian Identities: Myth and History. Indiana University Press; –
2002. – 262 p.
8. Baleta A. Albania: neither an island nor an ammunition dump, but a garden of religious harmony. Drita Islame. –
1995; – VI (2).
9. Newman J. Foundations of Religious Tolerance. Toronto: University of Toronto Press; – 1982.
10. Barua A. Ideas of Tolerance: Religious Exclusivism and Violence in Hindu-Christian Encounters. Int J Public
Theol. – 2013 Jan; 7 (1): 65–90.
11. Stetson B., Conti J. G. The truth about tolerance. Pluralism, diversity and the culture wars. Downers Grove, Illinois:
InterVarsity Press; – 2005.
12. Schirrmacher T. Human Rights. Promise and Reality. Johnson TK, editor. – Vol. 15. Bonn: Verlag Für Kultur und
Wissenschaft. Culture and Science publ.; – 2014.
13. Myslymanet ringrene kishen, katoliket xhamine. [Internet]. Shqiperia Tjeter. Albania: Top CHannel; – 2014.
Available from: http://www.peshkupauje.com/2014/02/myslimanet-ringrene-kishen-katoliket-xhamine
14. Kastriot Marku. Gazetaria e vërtetë dhe rasti i fshatit Malbardhë [Internet]. EuroEmigrant. 2014 [cited 2015 Nov
26]. Available from: https://albemigrant2011.wordpress.com/2014/12/20/kastriot-marku-gazetaria-e‑vertetedhe-
rasti-i‑fshatit-malbardhe/
15. Rexhaj M. Harmonia jonë nuk është fetare [Internet]. Gazeta Tema. 2014 [cited 2015 Nov 26]. Available from:
http://www.gazetatema.net/web/2014/10/03/harmonia-jone-nuk-eshte-fetare/
16. Xhai X (Ardian V. LE TA QUAJMË FALTORE [Internet]. Peizazhe të fjalës. 2014 [cited 2015 Nov 26]. Available
from: http://peizazhe.com/2014/10/06/le-ta-quajme-faltore/
17. Guinnes O. A Free People’s Suicide. Sustainable Freedom and the American Future. Downers Grove, Illinois:
InterVarsity Press; – 2012. – 222 p.
18. Poulton H, Taji-Farouki S, editors. Muslim Identity And The Balkan State. London: Hurst & Company; – 1997. –
250 p.
19. Saulius T. What is “tolerance” and “tolerance education”? Philosophical perspectives. Ugdym Kuno Kult Sportas
Soc Moksl. – 2013; 89 (2): 49–56.
20. Sirico R. A. Toward a free and virtuo
21. Cleveland P. A. Understanding the modern culture wars. Essentials of Western Civilization. Birmingham, Alabama:
Boundary Stone; – 2003.
22. Hunter JD. Culture Wars. The struggle to define America. Making sense of the battles over the family, art, education,
law and politics. New York, N. Y.: BasicBooks; – 1991.
23. Orthodox Autocehphalous Church of Albania, Community of Sant’Egidio and Episcopal Conference of Albania.