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European Science Review, Issue 1-2/2017

New data on the phylogenetic development of the genus Nodosaria in the Pre-Ural period (Permian) in the Eastern-European sub-region

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29013/ESR-17-1.2-32-34

Pages: 32 - 34

Authors: Evgeny E. S.

Abstract: Phylogenetic research of small foraminifera is an important aspect of their study. It allows to represent in a more comprehensive manner the picture of their development during geological time; to track changes of species and to understand the role of foraminifera in a geological history of the Earth; it allows to define the stability of morphological modifications, to identify genetic relationships of genera and other taxa, to find out the course of development of the studied group of fauna. Phylogeny has a great importance in solving the issues of detailed biostratigraphy. The knowledge of its laws allows us to define phylozones, i. e. the layers, where there are taxa, which characterize the segment of the specific phylogenetic line. The order Nodosariida is most interesting from the viewpoint of studying the systematization of foraminifera as the general course of phylogenesis. Its species are ancestral forms of many genera of the calcareous foraminifera, including such important forms for stratigraphy as Lingulonodosaria, Dentalina, Pseudonodisaria, Protonodosaria. It is assumed that the first Nodosariidae appeared as early as in the Ordovician period, however, they are known for certain only since the middle Devonian period. The family Nodosariidae developed by change of the morphology of a shell, its sculpture as well as by complication of the internal structure — appearance of multi-layered walls, thickened septal walls, complication of the apertural apparatus. The wall of Nodosariidae is secretory, calcareous, fine-pored, vitreous, radial fibrous, one-layered or complex multi-layered. Each of the listed properties is very important for systematization of the order.

Keywords: phylogeny, species, genus, genetic relationship, population, characteristics, Nodosariidae, shell, branch, aperture, wall, Foraminifera

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