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Dear authors, any activity is a compromise between terms, cost and quality. We seek to prepare your articles for publication as soon as possible, for the acceptable cost, and not at the expense of quality. Unfortunately, some materials are drawn not according to the accepted standards. If you examine this guidance, you will help us and you will preserve the time and efforts at layout of all scientific publications further.

This guidance consists of two parts. In the current, first part, all aspects of work on the publication except for layout of the bibliographic part are considered. It is told in the second part, how the footnotes and references should look like. Requirements to the contents (relevance, validity, stylistics…) of the scientific article aren't considered in this guidance. For convenience of work the text of the guidance is divided into the small parts corresponding to elements of the scientific publication. So, let us start.

Authors of the publication

Title of the publication

Annotation, keywords (for particular publications)

General requirements for the layout of the text

Tables

Images

Schemes, schedules and diagrams

Formulas

 

Authors of the publication

For all authors of the publication the following information must be specified:

Surname, first name, patronymic (if any); academic degree (if any), academic title (if any); place of work, position, email.


 

Example

 

Common mistakes

Initials instead of first name and patronymic. No position, email indicated.


 

Recommendations

Your personal information does not often change. Save it as a pattern for writing articles or in a separate file from which you can copy it into all your publications.

 

Title of the publication

Is highlighted in bold. It is not necessary to print the heading in capital letters, in particular in publications in German as it can lead to mistakes at its transformation. At the end of heading the full stop is not put.

 

Annotation, keywords (for particular publications)

The only point on which it is worth stopping is the terms. At the end of the guidance a short dictionary of standard terms for our publications is given in various languages, we ask you to use only these terms, but not their synonyms.


Mistakes

Noncompliance of the used terms.

General requirements for the layout of the text

General rule: at layout of the text don't use numerous blank characters and empty lines. Try to do without using various fonts. In scientific publications it is considered as good courtesy to highlite only the subtitles. Make the marked and numbered lists with use of lists of a text editor.


Example

Common mistakes

Alignment of the text by means of blank characters. In this case it is required to align rightinformation about the author or (Ctrl+R) and to expose paragraph indention on a horizontal ruler or to define it in paragraph parameters.

   

Example

In some cases authors use a large number of blank characters to avoid undesirable transfers, for example, between a surname and initials. It is wrong thing to do. In this case it is necessary to use a nonbreaking space (Shift+ctrl+space).

A number of empty lines to continue to write from a new sheet is similarly used. In this case it is more correct to insert a page break (Ctrl+Enter) into the document.


Recommendations

Avoid numerous blank characters and empty lines in your document.

Tables

Do not use the table without borders for layout of the text. It is not necessary to place heading in the table. All borders of the table have to be identical thickness. At unification of cells of the table pay attention to the fact that width of columns lower than a line of unification remained as it was.

Avoid huge tables. Think, whether there will be data legible in such tables at reduction of a format of the publication. It is not a good idea to place large volume of text material in the table. With volume texts it is more preferable to use lists. It is not necessary to use table image instead of tables.

Common mistake at layout of tables is that the author does not make new table lines and simply places internal information from the new paragraph. Tables thus look inaccurate externally, but the main thing, when editing data in them information will alter and data can be distorted.

Example of the wrong layout of a table

Example

Correctly laid out table should look as follows


Example

Images

If in article photos, scanned schemes or other pixel images are used, it is necessary to check whether they will keep clearness at printing. It depends on the size of the image and its resolution. Resolution is characterized by number of dots per inch (dpi). It is considered that at display on the screen resolution of 96 dpi is enough, and at printing resolution of 300 dpi is required. You can check the resolution of any pixel image in the graphic editor or the browser of photos, for example, Free FastStone Image Viewer. If it is difficult to you, make it more simple, set the mode of display in a text editor at about 300%; if thus the image didn't lose clearness, everything is all right. Scientific articles are printed in monochrome therefore check, whether the image will be read during removal of color.

Example

It is difficult to see digital values on axes due to low resolution.


Common mistakes

The most important problem is low resolution of images. Remember, the images placed on the Internet, as a rule, aren't suitable for the press. Other serious problem is high degree of compression of the images from digital sources. Thus the images are indistinct and there is a lot of "dirt" - the consequences of work of compression algorithms.


Recommendations

Photograph, scan or create high-resolution images, the resolution should be suitable for printing.

Check legibility and contrast during removal of color from the image.

Schemes, schedules and diagrams

Schemes, schedules or diagrams used in your article, first of all, should be legible. Pay attention that all text remained readable and didn't "disappear" outside the borders of the area allocated for it.

Try to create an attractive scheme. For this purpose pay attention that its elements are leveled, connecting lines didn't cross blocks, for subscriptions one font should be used. If you use several schemes, schedules or diagrams, try to make it so that they are created in one style. Modern text editors offer modern capabilities for schemes and diagrams, use them. As well as in a case with photos, the recommendation about preservation of legibility during removal of color remains important.


Example

A diagram with default parameters, on the screen

The same chart after removal of colors. Information fades in background.

"Style-1" is applied to the diagram in Designer regime. For this purpose it is necessary to make one mouse click.

At printing such diagram will look much better.

Recommendations

Pay attention to the legibility and contrast of your schemes, schedules or diagrams.

Formulas

If in the text of the publication it is necessary to use formulas, use for their insert the editor of formulas in text editor (for example, Microsoft Word). Publications with image-formulas are not accepted. If it is necessary to refer to a formula you should number it. Numbering of formulas is put down right in parentheses. It is not necessary to type text information in the editor of formulas. Not the best decision is to create a formula of several parts. If it is necessary to put the top or lower index (for example, H2O, or 100 м2) it is not obligatory to use the editor of formulas, settings of parameters of a font in a text editor are enough.


Example

Correctly created formula:

where coefficient of flow LS…


Common mistakes

The formula is divided into several parts

Recommendations

Try to create a formula as one object and so that it does not include text information